Barry Goldwater (January 1, 1909 – May 29, 1998) was a five-term United States Senator from Arizona (1953–1965, 1969–87) and the Republican Party's nominee for President in the 1964 election. He is the American politician most often credited for sparking the resurgence of the American conservative political movement in the 1960s. Goldwater lost the 1964 Presidential election in a landslide to incumbent Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson. He was criticized in 1964 as a radical reactionary, yet he energized a conservative grass roots movement which, sixteen years later, helped to nominate and elect Ronald Reagan. Goldwater rejected the key programs and viewpoints of the New Deal and fought inside the Conservative Coalition to defeat the New Deal coalition. After 1981, however, the influence of the Christian Right on the Republican Party so conflicted with Goldwater's libertarian views that he openly voiced his opposition.