James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. (born October 1, 1924) was the 39th President of the United States (1977-1981) and the Nobel Peace laureate in 2002. Previously, he was the Governor of Georgia (1971-1975). Carter won the Democratic nomination as a dark horse candidate, and went on to defeat incumbent Gerald Ford in the 1976 presidential election. As President his major initiatives included the consolidation of numerous governmental agencies into the newly formed Department of Energy, a cabinet level department. He enacted strong environmental legislation; deregulated the trucking, airline, rail, finance, communications, and oil industries; bolstered the social security system; and appointed record numbers of women and minorities to significant government and judicial posts.