ew Mexico (Spanish: Nuevo Mxico) is a state located in the southwestern region of the United States. Inhabited by American Indian populations for many centuries, it has also has been part of the Imperial Spanish viceroyalty of New Spain, part of Mexico, and a U.S. territory. Among U.S. states, New Mexico has the highest percentage of Hispanics at 43%, comprising both recent immigrants and descendants of Spanish colonists.It also has the third-highest percentage of American Indians after Alaska and Oklahoma, and the fifth-highest total number of American Indians after California, Oklahoma, Arizona, and Texas.The tribes represented in the state consist of mostly Navajo and Pueblo peoples. As a result, the demographics and culture of the state are unique for their strong Spanish, Mexican, and American Indian cultural influences. The climate of the state is highly arid and its territory is mostly covered by mountains and desert.